The UK government has launched a national Covid-19 surveillance programme which will make home antibody tests available for up to 8,000 people per day.
The aim of the programme is to improve the understanding of the protection provided by antibodies generated following the Covid-19 infection and vaccination.
Anyone over 18 will be able to opt in when having a PCR test from Tuesday - of those who test positive, up to 8,000 will be sent two home antibody tests.
Health Secretary Sajid Javid said it would be quick and easy to take part.
The first of the finger-prick tests would have to be done as soon as possible after the positive result, so the body would not have time to generate a detectable antibody response to the infection.
The second would be taken 28 days later and measure antibodies generated in response to the infection.
The UK Health Security Agency is to run the programme and will work alongside NHS test and trace services in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to use results to monitor levels of antibodies in positive cases.
Its chief executive Dr Jenny Harries said the scheme would help the UK gain "vital insight" into the impact of the vaccination programme and immune responses to different variants.
16 organisations will support with the delivery, including a number of Yorkshire organisations such as The National Pathology Exchange (NPEx) .
NHS Digital, based in Leeds, will receive data from the National Pathology Exchange, and will also collect results on behalf of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
Mr Javid said it would build on the "massive wall of defence" that was the vaccination programme and getting involved would help "strengthen our understanding of Covid-19 as we cautiously return to a more normal life".
Scotland's Health Secretary Humza Yousaf welcomed news of the study, saying: "It is vital that we have the fullest understanding possible of vaccine effectiveness and the immune response of the broader population.
"The rollout of this antibody testing study will help us achieve this and could play an important role in the battle to keep the virus under control."
The Department of Health and Social Care says it will be the first time antibody tests have been made available to the general public, and the scheme could also provide insight into any groups of people who do not develop an immune response.
Antibody tests have been used previously in the UK during the pandemic but in limited numbers, largely on people involved in studies or surveys.